Bien que la maladie de Parkinson soit souvent caractérisée par de la lenteur à exécuter des mouvements, de la rigidité, des tremblements et de l’instabilité posturale, on peut observer d’autres changements chez de nombreux patients, même avant l’apparition des symptômes moteurs. Ces changements, connus sous le nom de symptômes non moteurs, peuvent aussi avoir un impact sur la qualité de vie d’une personne. Beaucoup de patients ne se rendent pas compte que ces autres symptômes sont reliés à la maladie de Parkinson. Par conséquent, ils ne sont pas traités.

Les symptômes non moteurs peuvent varier considérablement d’un patient à l’autre*, et peuvent comporter : Écoulement de salive; Changement dans les capacités à goûter et à sentir; Étouffement et difficulté à avaler; Nausée et vomissement; Constipation; Incontinence fécale; Trouble de la vessie; Douleur inexpliquée; Changement de poids inexpliqué; Démence et problème cognitive; Hallucinations; Dépression et anxiété; Trouble sexuel; Hypotension orthostatique; Hypersomnolence diurne; Insomnie; Trouble comportemental en sommeil paradoxal; Syndrome des jambes sans repos; Enflure des jambs; Transpiration excessive; Vision double; Illusions et Trouble obsessionnel compulsif.


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Depression and Parkinson’s disease

Disponible seulement en Anglais

Depression is one of the common non-motor symptoms of Parkinson’s disease; with as many as 50 per cent of people with Parkinson’s experiencing the symptoms of clinical depression at some stage of the disease.

Although living with Parkinson’s can certainly be challenging, and the diagnosis can be frightening at first, depression in people with Parkinson’s may be caused by the chemical and physical changes in the area of the brain that affect mood, as well as movement. In fact, depression may be an early symptom of the disease, with some people experiencing depression up to a decade or more before experiencing any motor symptoms of Parkinson’s.

Depression can be one of the most disabling symptoms of the disease. But, it is important to know it can be treated. As much as possible, remain socially engaged and physically active. Resist the urge to isolate yourself. You may want to consult a psychologist and there are medications that help relieve depression in people with Parkinson’s, including nortriptyline and citalopram (Celexa.)

For information and support on living well with Parkinson’s disease, call our toll-free Information and Referral line at 1-800-565-3000 or contact a regional office near you.

It is important to remember that clinical depression and anxiety are underdiagnosed in people with Parkinson’s and that they are symptoms of your disease. Researchers believe that depression and anxiety in Parkinson’s disease may be due to underlying changes in brain chemistry that are caused by the disease itself. In fact, depression in Parkinson’s patients can start before motor symptoms even arise.

People with Parkinson’s, family members and caregivers may not always recognize the signs of depression and anxiety. In fact, your physician may not even ask you about these conditions if you don’t mention changes in mood. Complete the Parkinson Canada’s Geriatric Depression Scale-15 to record your feelings so you can discuss symptoms with your doctor.